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Effectiveness: 73-96%

Removing the penis prior to ejaculation. Withdrawal is not recommended for teens. It works best for those who are more experienced and can practice self-control. Withdrawal can be used as a back-up method of contraception with other birth control. It works by keeping sperm separate from the egg.

Availability: Anyone

Cause of Failures:
  • Lack of self-control
  • Small risk of pregnancy from the clear fluid that comes out of the penis before ejaculation (pre-cum)
  • Small risk of pregnancy if semen gets on the outside of the vulva

STI Prevention: None

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