STIs

You have the power to keep yourself and others safe from sexually transmitted infections (STI). STI's are a virus, bacteria, parasite or fungus spread through all types of sexual contact.  A person with a sexually transmitted infection may have no outward signs that they are infected.  For example, a person may be infected with gonorrhea but they don't show any symptoms of the infection.  They may not even know they have it.  This means they could pass it on to others without even knowing. Get tested and wear a condom every time you have sex. Go to our Find a Clinic page to get information on local free and confidential clinics and to find out where to get free condoms in Milwaukee, check out our friends at 414ALL
 

STD vs. STI

Sexually transmitted disease (STD) and Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) are two different ways to say the same thing. The term STI is broader and more encompassing because some infections are curable and may not cause any symptoms. If the infection results in altering the typical function of the body, it is then called a disease.
 

Could I Have an STI?

STIs are spread through all types of sex including oral, anal, and vaginal sex.  Most often STIs are spread through unprotected sex (no condom), but some STIs can spread even with condom use. 

  • Getting tested is the only way to know your status for sure.  Getting checked yearly is a great idea.
  • Some STIs might not have symptoms but can still cause serious problems if left untreated. 
  • The only 100% effective method for preventing STIs is abstinence or not having sex.  This includes abstaining from oral sex. 

Keywords

Infection Type

Prevention

Testing

Treatment

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Chlamydia

Clamydia is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection that is easily tested for and curable with antibiotics. Most people have no symptoms, but symptoms may include bleeding between periods, yellow/green vaginal or penile discharge (fluid), a need to urinate more often, swollen or tender testicles, or a burning pain when the person urinates.

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Infection Type
  • Bacterial
Prevention
  • Abstinence
  • Condom or Barrier Method
  • Regular STI Testing
Testing
  • Swab of Infection
  • Urine Test
Treatment
  • Antibiotics
  • Curable
  • Treatable

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection that is easily tested for and curable with antibiotics. Most people have no symptoms, but symptoms may include bleeding between periods, yellow/green vaginal or penile discharge (fluid), a need to urinate more often, swollen or tender testicles, or a burning pain when the person urinates.

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Infection Type
  • Bacterial
Prevention
  • Abstinence
  • Condom or Barrier Method
  • Regular STI Testing
Testing
  • Swab of Infection
  • Urine Test
Treatment
  • Antibiotics
  • Curable
  • Treatable

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that can cause serious health problems if it is not treated. Syphilis has three stages and there are different signs and symptoms associated with each stage. Syphilis is treatable and curable if detected early enough. Once permanent damage is done to the body, it can't be reversed. 

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Infection Type
  • Bacterial
Prevention
  • Abstinence
  • Condom or Barrier Method
  • Regular STI Testing
Testing
  • Blood Test
  • Swab of Infection
  • Visual Exam
Treatment
  • Antibiotics
  • Curable
  • Treatable

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a viral sexually transmitted infection that is transmitted through vaginal, anal or oral sex, sharing needles, and/or contact with blood from someone who has Hepatitis B. Many people have no symptoms, but symptoms may include flu-like symptoms, nausea or vomiting, diarrhea, dark-colored urine, pale stool or yellow skin and eyes (jaundice.) Can pass to others when no symptoms are present. 

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Infection Type
  • Viral
Prevention
  • Abstinence
  • Condom or Barrier Method
  • Regular STI Testing
  • Vaccine
Testing
  • Blood Test
Treatment
  • Curable
  • Other Medication
  • Treatable

Herpes Simplex Viruses (HSV)

Herpes Simplex Virus is a viral sexually transmitted infection that is detected by swabbing sores or a blood test and is treatable, but not curable. Symptoms include numerous painful lesions (sores) on the penis, vagina, anus, buttocks, thighs, mouth, or finger that last 4-21 days, headache, fever, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, and difficult urination. Two types of herpes include Herpes Simplex Virus - 1, which causes most oral infections and some genital infections and Herpes Simplex Virus - 2, which causes most genital infections and some oral infections.

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Infection Type
  • Viral
Prevention
  • Abstinence
  • Condom or Barrier Method
  • Regular STI Testing
Testing
  • Blood Test
  • Swab of Infection
  • Visual Exam
Treatment
  • Anti-viral Medication
  • Treatable

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a viral infection that is acquired through vaginal, anal, or oral sex, sharing needles, contact with blood or passed to babies in the womb or through breast milk and is treatable, but not curable. HIV can be present for several years after infection without symptoms. Some symptoms include extreme fatigue, rapid weight loss, night sweats, frequent fevers, and frequent yeast infections. Aquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is diagnosed with the person with HIV's T-cells (type of white blood cells that fight infection) drop below a certain amount. 

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Infection Type
  • Viral
Prevention
  • Abstinence
  • Condom or Barrier Method
  • Regular STI Testing
Testing
  • Blood Test
  • Swab of Infection
Treatment
  • Anti-viral Medication
  • Treatable

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)/Genital Warts

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a viral sexually transmitted infection that can be prevented with a HPV vaccine, abstinence, and condom or other barrier use. HPV can be treated, but not cured. There are over 100 types of HPV and more than 40 of those affect the genital area. Treatments vary depending on the type of HPV. Low-risk HPV can cause genital warts, and high-risk HPV can cause cancer of the penis, vulva, cervix, anus, throat, etc. 

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Infection Type
  • Viral
Prevention
  • Abstinence
  • Condom or Barrier Method
  • Regular STI Testing
  • Vaccine
Testing
  • PAP Smear
  • Swab of Infection
  • Visual Exam
Treatment
  • Other Medication
  • Treatable

Pubic Lice

Pubic lice is a sexually transmitted infection of parasitic insects found primarily in the pubic or genital area on humans. They may also be found on other course body hair on the legs, armpits, mustache, beard, eyebrows, or eyelashes. Animals do not get or spread pubic lice. 

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Infection Type
  • Parasite
Prevention
  • Abstinence
  • Condom or Barrier Method
Testing
  • Visual Exam
Treatment
  • Curable
  • Over-the-counter Treatment
  • Treatable

Scabies

Scabies is an infestation of the skin by the human itch mite. The microscopic scabies mite burrows into the upper layer of the skin where it lives and lays its eggs. The most common symptoms of scabies are intense itching and a pimple-like skin rash. It is spread by direct, prolonged, skin-to-skin contact with a person who has scabies. 

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Infection Type
  • Parasite
Prevention
  • Abstinence
  • Condom or Barrier Method
Testing
  • Visual Exam
Treatment
  • Curable
  • Other Medication
  • Treatable

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a very common sexually transmitted infection. It is caused by infection with a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Although symptoms of the infection vary, most people who have the parasite cannot tell they are infected. 

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Infection Type
  • Parasite
Prevention
  • Abstinence
  • Condom or Barrier Method
  • Regular STI Testing
Testing
  • Urine Test
  • Visual Exam
Treatment
  • Antibiotics
  • Curable
  • Treatable

Yeast Infection

A yeast infection is caused by a type of fungus called Candida. Candida normally lives inside the body (in places such as the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina) and on skin without causing any problems. Sometimes Candida can multiply and cause an infection, like if the environment inside the vagina changes in a way that encourages its growth. Yeast infections can be spread to sexual partners in some cases. 

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Infection Type
  • Fungal
Prevention
  • Abstinence
  • Condom or Barrier Method
  • Regular STI Testing
Testing
  • Swab of Infection
  • Urine Test
Treatment
  • Curable
  • Other Medication
  • Over-the-counter Treatment
  • Treatable
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